Ash, A. 1999. The effect of Safer brand herbicide on Racomitrium canescens. Unpublished class report, Botany 465, Oregon State University, Corvallis.

Bormann, F. H., D. Balmori, and G. T. Geballe. 1993. Redesigning the American Lawn. Yale University Press, New Haven. 166 pages.

Cook, T.W. and J. Whisler. 1994. Controlling Mosses in Lawns. Extension Service publication, Oregon State University, Corvallis.

Cox, E.A. 1989. Questions & Answers. Horticulture. 67:8,10.

Davison, A. D. and R. S. Byther. 1999. Algae, Lichens and on Plants.  Pacific Northwest Plant Disease Control Handbook. p. 39.

Fletcher, M. 1991. Moss Grower's Handbook, an illustrated Beginner's Guide to finding, naming and growing over 100 common British species.  Seventy Press. Berkshire, England.

Japanese Garden Society of Oregon. 1996. Oriental Gardening. ISBN 0-679-75861-5. Pantheon Books (Random House), New York. 224 pp.

Johnson, Lorraine. 1998. Grow Wild!  Fulcrum Publishing. Golden, Colorado.

Lawton, E.  1971.  Moss flora of the Pacific Northwest.  Hattori Botanical Laboratory, Nichinan, Miyazaki, Japan.

Massie, H. 1996.  Roll out the Green Carpet. American Nurseryman.   March 15, 1996.

McCune, B.  2000.  Key to the Common Mosses of Western Oregon and Washington.  Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis. Unpublished photocopy.

Meister, R.T. (ed.). 1996. Farm Chemical Handbook. Meister Publishing Company, Willoughby, OH.

Merrifield, K. and R.E. Ingham. 1998. Nematodes and Other Aquatic Invertebrates in Eurhynchium oreganum from Mary's Peak, Oregon Coast Range. The Bryologist 101: 505-511.

Merrifield, K. 2000. Bryophytes on isolated Quercus garryana trunks in urban and agricultural settings in the Willamette Valley, Oregon. The Bryologist 103: 720-724.

Newmaster, S. G., F. W. Bell, and D. H. Vitt. 1999. The effects of glyphosate and triclopyr on common bryophytes and lichens in northwestern Ontario. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 29:1101-1111.

Niemiec, S.S. and T.D. Brown. Care and Maintenance of Wood Shingle and Shake Roofs.  Oregon State University Extension Service. September 1993.

Pike, L. H. 1973. Lichens and bryophytes of a Willamette Valley oak forest. Northwest Science 47:149-158.

Richardson D.H.S.  1981. The Biology of Mosses. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.

Roberts, K., and L. Ziegenhagen. 1999. The effects of Round-Up on Kindbergia. Unpublished class report, Botany 465, Oregon State University, Corvallis.

Rost, R.  1998. Oregon State University Extension and Experiment Station Communications. Gardening Information. October 18, 1998.

Schenk, George.  1997.  Moss Gardening.  Timber Press. Portland, Oregon.

Schofield, W. B.  1992.  Some Common Mosses of British Columbia.  Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria, B.C., Canada.

Schofield W. B. 1973. Mosses on Rooftops. Davidsonia 4:27-29.

Shaw, A. J. and B. Goffinet. 2000. Bryophyte Biology. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, UK.

Sterling D. 1955. The Story Of Mosses, Ferns and Mushrooms. Doubleday & Company. Garden City, New York

Svenson, S. E. 1997. Suppression of liverwort growth using cinnamic aldehyde. Proc. South. Nurs. Assoc. Res. Conf. 42:494-496.

Svenson, S. E. 1998. Suppression of liverwort growth in containers using irrigation, mulches, fertilizers and herbicides. SNA Research Conference 43:396-402.

Svenson, S. E., B. Smith, and B. Briggs. 1997. Controlling liverworts and moss in nursery production. Combined Proceedings International Plant Propagators' Society 47:414-422.

Woodfill, D. 1999. Resistance of common mosses to glyphosate. Unpublished class report, Botany 465, Oregon State University, Corvallis.

Web sites

Adams Fairacre Farms, web site

Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau. 2000.           <>

Dennis Seven Dee's Web page

Extension Toxicology Network (EXTOXNET).  2000. A Pesticide Information Project of Cooperative Extension Offices of Cornell University, Michigan State University, Oregon State University, and University of California at Davis. <>

Gardening on moss-covered pots:

Mississippi State University Extension Service            <>

Nutrite, A division of Hydro Agri Canada S.E.C.            <>

Ontario Agri Business Association

Oregon State University Extension and Experiment Station Communications. Moss Returns with Winter. 2000.

<Link no longer available, formerly>

P. Allen Smith Gardens          

<Link no longer available, formerly>

Pennsylvania State University, Agriculture Information Services. 2000. A Cultivated, Healthy Lawn Gathers No Moss. <>

Washington State University Web page, Gardening in Western Washington


Phone and in-person interviews

All Weather Roof Shield and Power Wash, Corvallis.  May 15, 2000

BiMart Garden Center, Corvallis. May 15, 2000.

Disaster Restorations, Corvallis (Roof cleaning and moss removal). Personal phone interview, May 15, 2000

Fred Meyer Garden Center, personal visit, May 15, 2000. Fred Meyer Garden Center, personal visit, May 15, 2000.

Kelly Baker Construction Inc.  Moss removal.  Personal phone interview, May 15, 2000.


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